Home Mental Health Social Anxiety Disorder: Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

Social Anxiety Disorder: Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

by Gauri Kolhe

Social anxiety disorder is a mental condition that is characterized by a fear of being seen or judged by others in a social situation.

Social anxiety disorder is also known as social phobia Preoccupation is a fear that arises in the hope of an event, and phobia is an unreasonable fear of something or situation.

The National Institute of Mental Health reports that 12.1% of adults in the United States suffer from social anxiety at some point in their lives.

However, social anxiety disorder is treatable Talk therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy and medications help people get rid of their symptoms.

What is social anxiety disorder?

People with social anxiety disorder are afraid or anxious about certain social situations due to fear of negative judgment, shame, or rejection. Although some concerns are common in social situations, such as giving a presentation or going on a date, social anxiety refers to the disruption that affects the intensity, work, or personal life and lasts for at least 6 months.

People with a social anxiety disorder may feel anxious to look worried, such as blues or vibrations, or others think they are ugly or ignorant. Many people also have physical symptoms, such as heart palpitations, feeling sick, or getting out of bed. Although the person may admit that their fears are too much, worries are often over-energized and feel out of control.

Social anxiety triggers vary among people but may include:

  • Meeting strangers
  • Talking to people at work or school
  • Encouraged to speak in class
  • You have to talk to the cashier in a shop
  • Using a public restroom
  • Occurs when eating or drinking
  • Have to perform in front of others

Many people with this condition do not seek treatment, believing it is only part of their personality they can instead seek help for related problems, such as depression or substance use.

Symptoms of Social Anxiety Disorder:

social anxiety

Social interactions can cause the following physical symptoms:

  • Blushing
  • Vomiting
  • Too much sweating
  • Trembling or shaking
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Fast heart rate

Mental symptoms may include:

  • Thinking about the day or week of an event.
  • If you are present try to avoid social situations or try to blend into the background.
  • Thinking about embarrassing yourself in a social situation.
  • Worried that other people will see you as stressed or nervous.
  • The need to drink to cope with a social situation.
  • Losing school or work due to anxiety.

It’s normal to feel busy sometimes However when you have social phobia, you have a constant fear of being judged or humiliated in front of others. You can avoid all social situations, including:

  • Ask a question
  • Job Interview
  • Shopping
  • Using public restrooms
  • Talking on the phone
  • Eating in public

Symptoms of social anxiety may not be present in all situations you may have limited or selected concerns For example, when you eat in front of people or talk to strangers, there may be symptoms. Symptoms can occur in all social settings if you have an extreme case.


Like many other mental health conditions, social anxiety disorders are likely to result from complex interactions between biological and environmental factors. Includes possible causes are:

Inherited traits: The cause of concern is in the family; however, it is not entirely clear how much this could be due to genetic and how much it could be due to educated behavior.

Brain formation: A structure called the amygdala in the brain can play a role in controlling fear responses. People who have too much amygdala may have a higher fear, which can lead to anxiety in social situations.

Environment: The environment is a social anxiety disorder that can be an educated behavior – some people may develop conditions after an unpleasant or embarrassing social situation. In addition, there may be an organization between social anxiety disorders and parents who model anxiety behaviors in social situations or control or control more of their children.

Treatment of Social Anxiety Disorder

There are no medical examinations to check for social anxiety disorders Your health care provider will determine your social phobia from the description of your symptoms They can also eliminate social phobia after testing certain code of conduct.

At the time of your appointment, your health care provider will ask you to explain your symptoms They will also ask you to talk about the situation that is causing your symptoms Criteria for social anxiety disorder include:

  • The constant fear of the social situation due to the fear of humiliation or shame
  • Feeling anxious or scared before a social conversation
  • I realize that your fears are beyond comprehension
  • Anxiety that interferes with daily life

There are many types of treatment available for social anxiety disorders. The treatment results are different from the individual Some people just need some kind of treatment However, others may need more than one Your health care provider may refer you to a mental health provider for treatment Occasionally, primary care providers may recommend action medications for the treatment of symptoms.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy: This therapy helps you learn how to control anxiety through relaxation and breathing and how to replace negative thoughts with positive thoughts.

Exposure therapy: This type of treatment helps you to deal with social situations slowly instead of avoiding them.

Group therapy: This therapy helps you learn social skills and skills to communicate with people in social settings. Participating in group therapy with others, who have the same fear, may make you feel lonely. This will give you the opportunity to practice your new skills through role-playing.

Home treatment includes:

Stay away from caffeine: Foods such as coffee, chocolate, and soda can increase excitement and anxiety.

Lots of sleep: It is recommended to sleep at least eight hours a night Lack of sleep can increase anxiety and worsen the symptoms of social phobia. Your health care provider may prescribe medications that treat anxiety and depression if your condition does not improve with changes in therapy and lifestyle. These medications do not cure the symptoms of social anxiety disorder.


There are a number of factors that can increase the risk of developing a social anxiety disorder, including:

Family history: If you have a biological parent or sibling condition, you are more likely to suffer from social anxiety disorder.

Negative experience: Children who experience jokes, insults, rejections, jokes, or insults may be more prone to social anxiety disorders. In addition, other negative events in life, such as family quarrels, injuries, or abuse, can be associated with social anxiety disorders.

A form or condition that attracts attention: For example, Parkinson’s disease can lead to facial disfigurement, loss of consciousness, or trembling self-consciousness, and can lead to social anxiety among some people.

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